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16 June 2013 @ 08:05 pm
Word of the Day - Althing - Planning for the Trip to Iceland  
Althing, n. The parliament of Iceland. Pronunciation: Brit. /ˈɔːlθɪŋ/, U.S. /ˈɔlˌθɪŋ/, /ˈɑlˌθɪŋ/
Forms: α.   17– Alting,   18– Allting.  β.   18– Allthing,   18– Althing.  γ.   18– Althingi.
Etymology: <  Icelandic alþingi (Old Icelandic alþingi, alþing) < al-, all-, combining form of allr all, whole (see all adj.) + þing assembly (see thing n.1).
Compare (with reference to the parliament of Iceland) Old Norwegian alþingi, alþing (Norwegian allting), Swedish allting (1697), Danish alting (1729). Compare also (with local reference) Old Norwegian alþingi general assembly, Old Gutnish -alþing (in gutnalþing general assembly of the inhabitants of Gotland).
Compare Thing n.2 Compare also Storting n., lawting n., and Tynwald n.
In α. forms apparently via Danish or Swedish.
The parliament of Iceland.
The Althing was founded in 930 at Þingvellir (about 25 miles east of Reykjavik), and is the oldest extant parliament in the world. It was originally composed of chieftains of the Icelandic commonwealth who met periodically for the purpose of law-making. In 1845 it was moved to Reykjavik, and is now an elected unicameral assembly.
1770 T. Percy tr. P. H. Mallet Northern Antiq. I. viii. 178 The States General of the whole island [of Iceland] (Alting) [Fr. Les Etats généraux de l'Islande, (Al-ting)], which answered to the Als-heriar-ting of the other Scandinavian nations.
1848 Times 7 Feb. 5/1 By this constitution of the States nothing is to be changed..in the organization of the Althing of our island of Iceland.
1874 R. Cleasby & G. Vigfusson Icelandic-Eng. Dict. at Godi, About the year AD 930 the Althingi was erected, where all the petty sovereign chiefs (Godar) entered into a kind of league.
1922 Statesman's Year-bk. 833 The ministers are responsible for their acts. They can be impeached by the Althingi.
1930 Geog. Jrnl. 75 243 The celebrations commemorating the millenary of the Althing will attract an unusual number of visitors to Iceland.
2011 Times (Nexis) 26 Feb. (Business section) 50 The Althing..approved the deal last week.

Compounds
Althingman n. [compare Old Norwegian alþingismaðr participant in a general assembly (13th cent. in an apparently isolated attestation with reference to Norway)] a member of this assembly.
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Albredaalbreda on June 17th, 2013 11:50 am (UTC)
I've been to Thingvellir! So cool! Historical context, amazing local geology, and tectonic nexus all in one. Freaking awesome. Island: sheep, Vikings, and gorgeously raw geology everywhere you go. Swoon. </p>

Oh, and if you need a break, it might sound kind of overpolished, but the blue mineral springs between the airport and downtown make for some incredible soaking, esp in the evening. :)

eithni: Yummy!eithni on June 17th, 2013 02:07 pm (UTC)
Both places are indeed on the list... Planning for a September trip!