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19 November 2013 @ 09:24 pm
Word of the Day - Waulked  
One of my favorite fiber-words! Someone at the OED loves me!

(And, through the wonders of teh intartoobz, here are some demonstrations of waulking, for those of you who have never done it.)

waulked
, adj.
[‘ Of cloth: shrunk, matted, and thickened by washing and beating. Now hist.’]
Pronunciation: Brit. /wɔːkt/, U.S. /wɔkt/, /wɑkt/ (in sense 2 also) Brit. /ˈwɔːkɪt/, U.S. /ˈwɔkət/, /ˈwɑkət/, Sc. /ˈwɔkɪt/
Forms: see waulk v. and -ed suffix1.
Etymology: < waulk v. + -ed suffix1.
orig. and chiefly Sc.
1.
a. Of cloth: shrunk, matted, and thickened by washing and beating. Now hist.
1490 in Acts Lords of Council Civil Causes (1839) I. 166/2 A tanny wob contenand xx elen of walkit claitht.
1536 Linlithgow Sheriff Court 6 Oct. in Dict. Older Sc. Tongue at Walkit, Sex ellis of wakkut clayth.
1584 Edinb. Test. XXVIII. 149 in Dict. Older Sc. Tongue at Walkit, Ane wob in the walk myln of quhyt contenand xxi elnis of raw claith quhilk being walkit extendis to x elnis walkit quhyt claith.
1648 Inventar Wholl Guidis & Geir Palace of Linlithgow 25 Nov. in  J. Maidment Spottiswoode Misc. (1844) I. 372 Ane pair of walkit blanketts for covering the fatt.
1681 in New Mills Cloth Manuf. (1905) Introd. 86, 33 ells raw will yeeld of waked or drest cloath 23 or 23½ ells.
1703 Trans. E. Lothian Antiquarian & Field Naturalists' Soc. (1948) 4 28 A thicke wacked blankett.
c1750 in  S. Smiles Lives of Engineers II. 97 Cloth made of waulked plaiding.
1869 D. Bremner Industries Scotl. 200 So anxious were the magistrates to encourage him, that no dyed or waulked cloth was allowed to be hung on the Canongate Bridge.
2008 J. P. Wild in  J. P. Oleson Oxf. Handbk. Engineering & Technol. Classical World xviii. 478 This ‘waulked’ cloth was then rinsed in tanks, and dried.
b. Of hair: matted, tangled. rare.
1894 R. O. Heslop Northumberland Words, Walkeet, wackeet, wauked, matted, entangled; a very common term for long hair that has matted or ‘tatted’ and has to be cut out.
1922 Mair Swatches o’ Hamespun 64 He wis in a ter'le stew. He reeve his waukit tappie.
2. Of skin (usually on hands or feet): calloused, roughened, thickened.
Sc. National Dict. (at Waulk) records this sense as still in use in the Northern Isles and central Scotland in 1973.
1786 R. Burns Vision i. 32, I..heav'd on high my wauket loof, To swear by a' yon starry roof.
1855 H. Ainslie Sc. Songs, Ballads, & Poems 32 Then upward let the spirit leap, An' spread the waukit han', Gi'e thanks to heaven we sow an' reap Within this blessed lan'.
1873 A. Anderson Song of Labour 124, I see him the noo.., Runnin' through the schule green wi' a hap, step, and jump, His bare waukit heels on the stanes playin' dump.
1874 R. Reid Moorland Rhymes 29 Tae the chastenin' o' Thy rod I turn my waukit side.
1881 D. Thomson Musings among Heather 225 If we ever meet, I guess, I'll be fu' fain Tae get your waukit loof tae press, Firm in my ain.
1931 Mod. Scotl. Apr. 20 This auld breist that waukit was lang syne.
Special uses
waulked-woolled adj. Obs.
1823 J. Hogg Shepherd's Calendar in Blackwood's Edinb. Mag. June 633/1 A waukit-woo'd wedder.
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